What’s a Yeast Infection?
To begin with, yeast infection is caused by a fungus from Candida albicans family. It’s estimated that about 75% of women experience symptoms of a yeast infection at least once during their lifetime. Many of them will also battle with recidivism type of an infection, and up to 10% of women will suffer from recurrent vaginal infection (more than three inflammatory episodes over a single year). Since this yeast is present at all times in our bodies, in order to get infected, there are no exterior effects needed to trigger an infection, such as sexual intercourse, which is a common misconception with this condition. Because of this, yeast infection is not regularly grouped with sexually transmitted diseases in a narrow sense of the term. In most cases, our own funguses are responsible for the infection, not those found in your partner.
What Causes It?
Candida albicans is a normal fungus type commonly found in vaginas. The acidity of vagina as well as any microorganisms found in there can help to maintain candida numbers in reasonable limits, but once this balance has been broken, the funguses make the most out of this chance and start to spread. Still, there were cases where the infection occurred with women who didn’t experience this imbalance prior to their infection, which means that this is not the only cause for this infection to happen.
Vaginal infection is a relatively safe condition, but it is rather unpleasant due to most of the symptoms it carries:
- Persistent itchiness of the vagina sometimes spread to the rectum region
- White thick discharge
- Difficult and painful urination
- Pain caused by sexual intercourse
- PH factor higher than 4.2
Symptoms tend to be equal in most cases of the infection, but some deviations are possible. For an example, you may experience only a slightly noticeable discharge with a high rate of swelling and redness of the vulva, while another woman might experience the opposite. It’s possible to experience a single symptom out of the group as well.
In order to treat this infection you can use medication, creams, different kinds of gel and pills with fungicidal effect. For some of these you may need to get a prescription, but most of them are available for free sale. However, you might want to consider self- treatment and pictures before you actually start doing a therapy based on your own theories as you might even make the problem become bigger. It’s always better to consult your doctor, especially if this is your first case of experiencing a yeast related issue. Medications which are taken orally often have a wide effect on your entire body, so it’s really important to know what you are taking and how much do you actually need to prevent any damage from happening afterwards. Generally, the therapy might take from three days to three weeks, depending on how intense your infection has gotten and how are you dealing with the problem at hand.