Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Thyroid cancer manifests itself in cells of the thyroid gland, or glands positioned below Adam’s apple. Thyroid has a function of producing hormones which are regulating heartbeat, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. Even though thyroid cancer is not common, the number of patients suffering from it seems to be rising. Doctors think that this is due to new technologies which are finding tiny cancers of the thyroid that weren’t there before. In any case, thyroid cancer is treatable.

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer doesn’t usually show any signs of presence in its early stage. When it advanced, you may notice lumps which can be felt through the skin on your neck, change of voice tonality, difficulties swallowing, pains in neck and throat as well as swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Causes of Thyroid Cancer

It’s not entirely clear what causes this cancer, but it’s known that it’s triggered when cells of the thyroid are going through genetic changes. Mutations allow these cells to quickly spread and lose the ability to die off. Piling up of these abnormal cells is what starts the tumor, which can also easily be spread all over the body.


Possibilities of treatment highly depend on type and stage of the cancer, overall health and your own personal choices. In most cases, the thyroid cancer is treatable and treatment can include several possibilities:


With most people suffering from thyroid cancer the best way to get rid of it is to remove the entire thyroid gland, or its most part. Operations which are used for thyroid cancer treatments include removal of the entire gland or removal of lymph nodes on the neck. In the first case, we’re dealing with an operation which is a highly efficient method of dealing with cancer and it also reduces the risk of parathyroid damage. Removal of lymph nodes is another step which can determine if cancer cells are really present or are there any other misconceptions.

Hormonal Therapy

After the thyroid cancer has been operatively removed, most doctors prescribe medicines which will help to replace the lost hormones which are regularly produced by the thyroid gland. This is an important step in thyroid cancer treatment as it’s possible to have many other health issues if these hormones are ignored in long term. Blood analysis is usually necessary to check your hormones on a monthly basis until a proper dosage is found for your case.

Radioactive Iodine

This treatment uses high amounts of radioactive iodine and is most commonly applied after surgery to destroy any leftover tissue from the thyroid gland, as well as the microscopic areas of the thyroid cancer which weren’t removed during operation. This comes in a shape of a pill or fluid which needs to be ingested. It destroys mainly cells of thyroid cancer so any damage done to other tissues will be minimal. Other types of chemotherapy and radiation may exist but they work on the same basic principle.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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