All parents have dealt with some kind of throat infection with their kids. This is a common condition for all ages and genders, but it’s mostly diagnosed with children. The reason for this lies in the fact that it’s easy to get it in closed spaces such as schools or kindergartens, since it is easily spread by air or physical contact with an infected person or object. A streptococci infection of the throat represents the contagious infection of the throat tissue or gargles. It is caused by beta hemolytic streptococci which are bacteria coming in a ball shape. These are distributed in groups A, B, C, D and G. It’s important to mention that a throat inflammation can also be caused by a virus infection or some other cause like smoke irritation, dry air, allergies and physical damage done to the throat itself.
Streptococci can easily be transferred between two people, whether this was via air or touch. Since bacteria are positioned in nose and throat, they can easily be transferred by coughing or sneezing. Also, a person can get an infection if he or she touches an object that has bacteria on it. Incubation period (time from infection to experiencing first symptoms) is usually somewhere in between two to five days. In case the throat infection symptoms are not acknowledged, the person can stay contagious for up to three weeks. Most common of these symptoms include sudden and strong throat inflammation with no coughs or sneezing. Gargles become bigger in size and inflame. With this, pain and difficulties swallowing almost come naturally. There are gray, white or yellow spots and sediments on the gargles and throat itself, which usually indicate that there is an infection going on.
In most cases, higher body temperature can be experienced, reaching up to 38°C. Besides the previously mentioned side effects, there are many others that appear more rarely but might also help you recognize an ongoing throat inflammation. Headaches, noxiousness and loss of appetite are rare and usually aren’t linked to throat infection as such, yet come along, showing another condition. It is important to recognize and differentiate symptoms of the streptococci throat inflammation and the regular throat infection – streptococci do not cause as many symptoms as the regular throat inflammation does. Complications are possible and include ear and sinus infections or an intense rheumatic flu or kidney inflammation.
In case you doubt in being infected by a streptococci bacteria, it’s best to visit your doctor who will be able to analytically confirm the diagnosis and also recommend a treatment procedure. Since treatment is different if you are infected by a virus or bacteria, it’s important to know what you are battling with so that you have a better chance of experiencing a quick and easy recovery. Avoiding infected persons is an efficient way to prevent this, but you can’t really know this at all times. Regular hygiene and moderate physical contact should keep you safe from this infection, at least for a while.