Throat cancer is a malicious tumor which is created when throat tissue starts to develop malign tumor cells that will eventually start to destroy the same tissue. Throat is a wide term used for the lower part of the respiratory-digestive system which consists of pharynx and larynx. Inside larynx there are special voice nodes which vibrate by the air flow coming from the lungs, resulting in voice creation. The voice created in such a way forms itself in mouth and nose (articulation and resonance) which assigns a characteristic voice to every human being.
What causes lung cancer? With all of the current researches made, there are no doubts about smoking and alcohol improving the risk of one to get diagnosed with throat cancer. Other than that, bad eating habits, which include foods lean with protein, vitamins and minerals, can also help in developing the condition, as it causes issues with immunological system. Throat cancer is almost double as common with men, mostly with patients around 50 and 70 years of age.
Most common throat cancer symptoms are hoarseness or any general significant change in tone or depth of the voice. This usually indicates the cancer nesting in on the voice nodes and is one of the most obvious symptoms. Difficulties swallowing or sensation of pain while swallowing can also indicate the presence of a throat cancer although it’s usually more characteristic for some other, far less dangerous conditions. A swollen knot on the neck which can be felt by touch can definitely indicate the presence of a cancer body, especially if it’s on the outer shell of the throat. Difficulties breathing, unpleasant breath smell as well as weight loss in a short period of time can all indicate the presence of a foreign body inside your throat.
If any of the above mentioned symptoms occur to you, make sure to contact your doctor as soon as possible. He will be able to perform a laryngoscopy on you and with the assistance of endoscopic instruments establish a trustworthy diagnosis on whether you have throat cancer or not. If this doesn’t perform well, biopsy will be performed, which extracts a sample of your tissue for further analysis in a laboratory. For a detailed assessment on how much has the cancer spread we use all kinds of modern diagnostic tools such as ultrasound checkups with or without cytological punition, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance and a couple of others.
Treatment of throat cancer is similar to all other types of cancer treatment; if possible, the cancer should be removed surgically, after which radiotherapy should be performed in order to vanquish any leftover cells. Chemotherapy with cytostatic medication is a common mean of cancer treatment as well. The procedures which you will be put on in order to treat throat cancer highly depend on the state in which the cancer currently resides and where is it positioned. Of course, the overall physical and health condition of the patient plays an important role here as well.