A period or a menstrual cycle is a monthly bleeding which is caused under the influence of glands with internal secretion, when the mucosa of the uterus prepares itself for the nesting of a fertilized egg. In case this does happen, pregnancy is started. Otherwise, the mucosa “dies” and it’s extracted by bleeding. This is a 28 day period, with the first day of bleeding being the first day of your period. Before we go deeper into the subject, it’s important to know that your period is a natural occurrence, not a condition or a problem.
The first period is called menarha and the first couple of periods is rather messy but normalizes over time. Girls can get their first period somewhere between 9 or 14 years of age, the normal limit being 16 years old. Among all the other symptoms of period, blood is the most obvious one, and it can be thick or dark brown. The amount of blood which is lost during this period is determined by the hormonal balance which is accomplished only after a couple of years away from the first cycle. With most women, periods become regular at around twenty or twenty two years of age, but can become regular only after giving birth. The puberty development at girls lasts about four years and starts with obvious physical changes. The belly becomes round and the waist gets narrower. Since the hormones induce the creation of milk in the breast, they also start to grow, along with many other changes.
Women loose about 50 to 100 grams of blood on a monthly basis, which is quickly regained in case the menstrual cycles aren’t too common or too intense. A usual cycle lasts from 23 to 35 days and the bleeding itself can last from three to seven days. Between 20 and 30 years of age, a woman reaches her fertility pinnacle but can suffer from painful periods. A specific number of women usually experience pain in the lower part of the belly or close to the kidneys. If these pains come as a common symptom of your period, try increasing your physical activity, even walking can help or some stretching. By doing so, your body creates endorphins, which are basically natural painkillers.
Pain experienced in the period should decrease over time and if it does not, or it becomes almost unbearable, pay a visit to your doctor, who will be able to instruct you what to do in order to help yourself cope with these symptoms. General solutions include warmth treatment like a bottle of warm water which is put on the area which aces. The most beneficial mean against pain is ibuprofen which should always be taken after meal or with a bit of milk to protect your stomach’s inner shell. Focus on maintaining a higher degree of hygiene during your period, as you’re highly exposed to bacteria and viruses. Tampons are considered to be a good solution for hygiene as they prevent any blood from smearing outside.