Healthy

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

Kidney inflammation is a serious type of kidney infection which can be either acute or chronic. This condition appears very suddenly and it’s caused by bacteria. Before anything else, intestines are infected together with kidney tubular build. Chronic kidney infection is a permanent inflammation of the kidneys which can leave a scar on the organ, leading towards serious and chronic kidney damage. This kidney disease is most common with patients who are having predispositions for this inflammation to re-appear.

In most cases, kidney infection is caused by a bacteria coming from the exterior and travelling through the urinary system through urea channel all the way up to the kidneys. In such case, this infection is known as growing, or ascending infection. This can explain why women, whose urinary tract starts closer to the anal opening (which is a potential source of bacteria), have a higher chances of getting the kidney infection.

Common Symptoms

No matter what causes it, symptoms of kidney infection are pretty much alike. First symptoms include shakiness, high body temperature, and ankle and muscle pain, including fragile hip feeling. It’s possible for these symptoms to never directly influence the kidneys, at least by feeling. Situation can be particularly confusing for children, when high body temperature can cause mental blockade or a change in mental condition. It’s the same with elderly people, as they can feel confused. Irritating symptoms like burning while urinating and often urination can also appear.

With acute infections, symptoms are being developed quickly, the first symptom to notice would be high body temperature, after which the urine changes its color. After this, hip weakness can be experienced. As the infection develops, pain increases, there is a loss of appetite present, headaches and other standard signs of an infection going on. This kind of pain in kidneys is different than stomach cramps, as a side effect of kidney rocks because of which the pain is continuous and comes in waves, remain in one spot and get worse as the person is moving around.

Patients with chronic infections can even experience milder symptoms at first. This allows the infection to improve slowly and unnoticed, which can cause severe damage after a couple of years. For this reason, hypertension (high blood pressure) or anemia’s are symptoms related to kidney problems and should be used as first indicators of trouble. Unfortunately, most people skip these issues which can cause irreparable damage over time.

Treatment

Antibiotics therapy depends on the species of the microorganism which has infected the body. In case when this can’t be identified, treatment is done by using a wide range of antibiotics. Symptoms can disappear after a couple of days from the start of the treatment.

Patients who are having dangerous infections or complication factors, hospitalization might be necessary, at least in the beginning of the treatment. With some patients, a surgical procedure might be required so that any anatomic anomalies can be fixed in order to improve the patient’s chances of getting through this infection.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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