Cancer

Stage 4 Melanoma

Melanoma is one of the most malicious tumors of the skin and visible mucosa which has a high frequency of quick metastatic spread over lymph nodes and blood. Melanomas usually start from pigmented moles but they can start on places with no previous changes as well. A smaller part of melanomas begins from the so called elderly spots. It is the most risky type of a mole, being atypical one. These are moles which have an irregular, mostly bizarre shape. Patients suffering from melanoma have a higher risk of developing the other primary melanoma from individuals coming from the general population. This risk is up to 900 times bigger than the one on general population. However, patients who did have another malicious tumor of the skin have a higher risk of developing melanoma.

Melanoma can basically appear anywhere on the body, but there is a significant difference with localization once we get genders into the analysis. Men usually get these on their trunk and women tend to get them on legs. Reason for this probably shows lifestyle, culture, and way of dressing up and general customs. Also, trunk and legs are most influenced by acute intermitted UV rays, when there is a high risk of acquiring sun burns and later melanoma.

Signs of Melanoma

Early signs of melanoma developing are the above described changes in the mole, as well as a subjective sensation of rash or pain in the mole. Later stages with the stage 4 melanoma being the most risky ones, show further changes to the mole – it hardens, bleeds and is painful on touch. These are also signs of melanoma which has a bad prognosis. Unfortunately, a lot of patients arrive with an advanced stage of melanoma, which decreases the chances of complete recovery. In stage 4 the melanoma is already dispatching metastases all over the body, which can cause a whole set of problems, possibly fatal. Localization of these metastases is not easy to determine, especially because they may spread over blood, meaning that any organ can get affected with this.

When analyzing melanoma, family history makes a crucial factor. This is a highly potent biological tumor so it can spread metastases in a short while. It’s also fairly resistant to radiotherapy and only mildly sensitive to chemotherapy. It’s known that skin has sort of a memory effect, which means that if you’re constantly exposed to UV rays you are increasing the chances of being diagnosed with a melanoma or any other serious skin condition. However, persons with a genetic predisposition need to be very careful with exposure to UV rays as they already have a natural weakness against it.

On the other hand, melanoma is probably the easiest tumor to catch off guard during its early stages when complete recovery is possible and manageable. Don’t ignore any signs we’ve talked about today showing a possibility of a tumor, as you need to use these as alarm signals for you to visit a doctor as soon as possible.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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