Hernia is an abnormal protrusion (sliding) of the internal abdomen tissues, usually intestines through a defect in the fascia of the abdomen wall. All hernias are caused by peritoneal bag which is being put through the weak point of the abdomen wall. So, hernia is usually contained from tissues of the peritoneal bag and the organs in it. In case this defect is not closed in time, it can grow significantly, which makes the reconstruction really difficult.
About 75% of hernias are created in the groin region. Around 10% of all hernias are created by a surgical cut on the front abdomen wall. Post-operational hernias are obviously a consequence of a process which made the damage to the abdomen.
In terms of sports hernia, there are a couple of differences that need to be discussed thoroughly, as it does happen more often, so it’s important to recognize it in time so that your sports career doesn’t suffer.
Generally, sports hernia slowly develops, making the symptoms difficult to recognize as they come separately and in wave. Most people think of sports hernia symptoms to be temporary and usually ignore them until the pain becomes obvious under any significant amount of stress. This is why it’s important for you to get regular checkups, especially if you’re serious about your sports career because it’s much easier to deal with any condition as long as you get it diagnosed in time.
Typical symptoms include lower abdomen pain, groin pain and testicle pain. You can easily trigger some of these symptoms by running or bending forward, which is when the pain might get excruciating over time, as the condition develops. In order to provide a worthy diagnosis, the athlete needs to provide his sports and condition history, after which there is, an obligatory physical examination to be done. MRI tests have become popular with this and allow for pinpointing the sources of pain in case of hernia.
Other than surgery, there are no other ways of treating hernia of any kind. However, in some cases of minor pain experienced caused by hernia, one might want to lay low for a while and reduce physical activity. This might cause the hernia to withdraw, but it rarely works because no one will suspect hernia if there is a minor pain experienced. If these measures do not work in long term, then there is no other solution but to go under surgery. Strength of the abdominal muscles doesn’t have a lot to count in here, as it’s all about the abdominal wall, which is simply what you get from birth. Hernia always occurs on the weak spot of this wall, which is basically a deformity that needs to be treated surgically if it is too wide, troubling you with serious hernia symptoms.
After all that said, it’s obviously important to take proper care of your body and listen to it. Never ignore any kind of pain as it is usually an indication of something being wrong and needs attention.