Kidney inflammation can affect a single or both kidneys. Bacteria which causes it is the usual inhabitant of your intestines – the E. Colli and it is the bacteria responsible for about 90% of kidney infections. This infection happens when the inhibitor climbs its way up into the kidneys from the urinary tract. In a healthy urinary system, the infection is prevented by washing the bacteria out with urine and closes the urinary tract in the position where they enter the bladder. However, every physical obstruction of the urine flow like kidney stones or increase in prostate size can increase the chances of you acquiring an infection of the kidneys. The other way for this to happen is over blood when the causer reaches the kidneys from an untreated throat or sinus inflammation.
First signs of kidney infection show sudden fever and high temperature, up to 40°C, pain in lower back, common sensation of noxiousness as well as vomiting. Patients usually have strong pain attacks caused by contraction (spasm) of one urinary tract. These spasms can cause irritations due to infection or a physical obstruction in form of kidney stones. Children tend to show symptoms of kidney infection in a much more silent manner, they are non-specific and more difficult to detect. It’s safe to doubt a kidney infection if the child is showing signs of high temperature without any indications of an inflammation of the neither respiratory system nor signs of a children’s infective disease. With long term infections pain can be difficult to assess, and fever may come in waves or it doesn’t need to be there at all.
Both young and old are affected with kidney infections; young people usually get it because of lacking clothing, which leaves the lower back exposed to draft, especially while riding on a bike or motorcycle. Older people tend to suffer from physical obstructions for urine to flow freely, as well as an increase in size of the prostate in men. Women’s uterus can also grow in size due to mimosa which can apply pressure to one or both of the urinary tracts, which causes hydronephrosis (stoppage of urine) inside the kidney, allowing the infection to occur. About 1/3 of patients with kidney inflammation also suffer from inflammations of the lower urinary tract.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Patients with typical systems for a kidney infection make it easy for doctors to establish a reliable diagnosis. The process is easy, quick and painless, including a physical checkup of the loins, also testing the patients for irritation tolerance. A UV test may also follow, which is a standard procedure for establishing a diagnosis for this purpose.
Once the condition has been diagnosed, it’s important to determine what has caused the infection to begin with. This is very important because you would want to prevent a new infection from happening any time soon. Once the possible cause for the infection has been determined, and the stage of the inflammation itself, an antibiotic therapy follows, with proper antibiotics to suit the intensity of the inflammation.