Gynecomastia is a benign type of breast tissue enlargement that occurs in males. While it is possible to find it in newborns it is most common during the adolescent age and up to 50% of boys that fall in that group are going to suffer from it. In puberty it is, in most cases, closely related to psychological distress and 75% of pubertal gynecomastia will retreat itself without any outside intervention. Still, it is worth noting that in some cases, especially when we are talking about adult males, it won’t go away without proper treatment.
The main reason this happens in the first place is often connected to some kind of a disease or metabolic disorders. The hormonal picture can be vastly changed because of some side-effect when using medication as well. In some cases it is simply a result of the decrease of testosterone production in aged males or in individuals that are consuming anabolic-androgenic steroids.
Everything you need to know about Gynecomastia surgery
The most important fact that every patient needs to know about Gynecomastia is the following – this condition is benign i.e. it isn’t harmful in any way. Well, that is true if we talking specifically about the enlarged tissue however in some cases it might be an indicator of other more serious things like testicular cancer. Still, a lot of people who are suffering from it are having self-esteem problems and are thus avoiding social interactions where their deficiencies might become apparent to others. While those things certainly might affect mental health and quality of life undergoing a Gynecomastia surgery isn’t advised for boys that are under 18 years old.
There are, of course, medicaments that are believed to reverse the effect of Gynecomastia to a certain amount of time so if you are interested in those alternatives make sure you try different pills, creams and supplements. Exercising will also not only decrease the visual effect but increase your overall health as well. Hormonal replacement therapy also works in some cases.
The last but probably the most effective method is the surgical procedure. Surgical removal of glandular breast tissue is required if you are planning to treat a chronic gynecomastia. There are several different types of this procedure and they are the following: subcutaneous mastectomy, laser-assisted liposuction, liposuction-assisted mastectomy and laser-lipolysis without liposuction. None of them are completely safe but subcutaneous mastectomy has probably the most potential risk that might occur. Unwanted side-effects like surgical wound infection, breast asymmetry, necrosis of the areola or nipple, noticeable or painful scars, contour deformities, seroma and even hematoma are possible.
The other important factor when contemplating about this kind of treatment is definitely the finance side of things. This isn’t a cheap and inexpensive procedure so if you are not willing to spend a certain amount of money you should probably try everything else. Having a healthy diet and exercising regularly will decrease the visibility of symptoms and will generally up your overall health status which might remove the underlying problem that triggered the gynecomastia in the first place.