Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder is a long term model of the person’s inner experience and impression of its own being, with a behavior which significantly deviates depending on the cultural belonging of the person. It is usually very pervasive and rigid, starting in early adolescence, acquiring a certain degree of stability over time and leading towards disturbances and permanent psychological damage. Ancient Greeks have described different varieties of this particular personality disorder.

When determining the reasons for one person to behave in such awkward manner, it’s necessary to take ethnical, cultural and social heritage. The origin of this disorder must not be mixed with problems which have been accompanying getting used to the new culture (when moving to a new country) or with expressing religious or regular habits. It’s necessary to gather as much of this information as possibly from a source which is objective but still fairly close to the patient.


In order to diagnose schizotypal personality disorder for someone younger than 18, all of the factors need to be present for at least one year. One possible exception is the asocial subtype of schizotypal personality disorder which yet can’t be diagnosed in that age. Despite the fact that these disorders do start at this sensitive age, it doesn’t mean that the person will ask for medical assistance until much later in life. Personality disorder may become much more intensive after a big loss occurred, such as parents or siblings or a previously instable social situation. An important characteristic of diagnosing these disorders is to find and acknowledge specific models of behavior which are significantly deviating from something which can be determined as normal. The model needs to be stable and long term, with the beginning dating all the way back in adolescence.

Diagnosis of this problem required a good judgment of this long term behavior model, with some specific personality properties being excluded from the bunch – some people simply have characteristics which are similar to those caused by this condition.

Recognizing the problem

One of the most recognizable properties of the schizotypal personality disorder is a pervasive model of not being interested for social relationships, with a limited range of expressing emotions in interpersonal situations. Commonly, persons suffering from this will seem to be socially isolated and choose activities or hobbies which don’t include interaction from other people. These people never have close or trustworthy friends.

In milder cases of the disorder, the person will show an acute discomfort when put in socially awkward situations, as well as a completely warped understanding of regular cognitive and perceptual behavior norms. In such cases, the person will start showing inability to maintain a solid social contact, especially lacking in trust and understanding for other people’s problems and situations. Due to this, it’s very difficult to maintain old friendships and create new ones based on such situations. If you recognize this problem with a person who is close to you, try not to pick on it and ask for professional help and advice as soon as possible.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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