Prostate cancer is a malicious tumor which occurs inside the prostate and over time it can spread into other organs and tissues over blood and lymph. Fortunately, prostate cancer is also characterized with slow growing relative to other types of cancers. About 90% of all prostate cancers remain clinically inconspicuous for decades. A high frequency of clinically inconspicuous or randomly discovered malicious disease is a unique peculiarity of prostate cancer.
Who Gets It?
Prostate cancer appears almost exclusively with men older than 40. With almost half of men older than 70 one can establish a diagnosis featuring microscopic tumors of the prostate. Men that have a family member suffering from prostate cancer have a significantly higher risk of developing this illness. Even though a sexually active lifestyle was considered to be one of the triggers for this condition, most clinics have declined this option. It’s considered that there is a significant link between infections such as bacterial prostatitis and some virus infections like herpes or HPV. However, this link has not yet been scientifically proven. A ten yearlong study has shown that men with benign hyperplasia of prostate (BHP) do not carry additional risk from acquiring prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer in its initial phase doesn’t show any symptoms. Once the malicious tissue starts to spread, urethra may narrow in diameter and cause problems with urination. Typical symptoms in the advanced stage of the disease include common urination, difficult urination, and inability to hold a regular stream of urine as well as blood in urine. Sudden appearance of constant aches in bones which are lasting at least two weeks is very symptomatic for an advanced stage of cancer prostate.
Clinical tests usually include an observation of the rectum with a finger which in case of a prostate cancer becomes firm and irregular in its shape. PSA is a protein which can be found in prostate cells, and is discoverable in blood of all grown men. Values of this protein are significantly higher with those people who are suffering from prostate cancer. Usually, urine analysis is good enough to discover blood and inflammatory cells in urine, indicating the presence of a cancer.
Doctors have three basic methods of prostrate cancer treatment – hormonal therapy with a close eye on the patient, surgical procedure or radiation. Depending on the stage and intensity of the symptoms, different methods can be used, and in some cases they can work together. This cancer is specific so it carries specific treatment procedures. Over time, medicine has managed to improve the efficiency of these three treatment methods which has an obvious result, since only about 3% of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer die from it. This is mostly due to this cancer’s attribute of keeping a slow pace in terms of growth, which makes it easier to battle with it with regular treatment methods. In terms of prevention, there are no specific methods you should go by, other than try and discover the cancer in its early stage.