Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

An important characteristic of the obsessive compulsive personality disorder is a preoccupation with tidiness, perfection as well as mental and interpersonal control. These conditions need to be established regardless of flexibility or efficiency. This is yet another type of psychological disorders falling into the group of anxious disorders or neurosis. Obsessions are disturbing ideas, thoughts and other impulses which are drawing into the brain at a repeated rate. A person with this disorder usually lives exactly through these ideas, without taking any other ideas or thoughts seriously. These obsessions are never related to real decisions and problems which may affect one’s life.

Compulsions on the other hand are behavior problems which can be recognized here, as the person has a feeling that something has to be done at all costs, despite the fact that they know it’s a senseless and overrated ritual. It’s very difficult to resist these as the person suffering from this disorder will feel anxiety until the chore has been done. There is a closed loop of obsessive-compulsive behavior which includes obsession, anxiety, compulsion and relief.


Symptoms of this disorder may show signs such as repeated actions, repulsive sexual ideas and aggressive thoughts, occupation over religious beliefs, aversion towards irrational objects or thoughts, nervous habits etc. These symptoms can draw away the patient from normal social life and experiences, causing severe emotional and financial difficulties. It’s common for people suffering from this disorder to recognize the irrationality of their thoughts and actions but it’s difficult to do anything about these.


Pharmacotherapy and specific psychiatric methods are used to treat patients suffering from this disorder, with the highest efficiency being showed by a combination of these two approaches. Medications recommended for this situation are inhibitors of the repeated storage of serotonin and antidepressants. It’s common to use many different types of medications before the one with the highest efficiency is found. The problem is never universal and needs to be taken as an individual problem, which requires individual approach to every patient.

In some occasions, the patient will refuse medication therapy or may have resistance towards specific treatment methods such as tasks that need to be done for testing. In such situations, it is necessary to recognize this resistance and analyze it objectively with the patient. By systematically explaining the problem to the person who is suffering from this issue, he or she may understand how important it is for them and this can make the whole treatment much more efficient.

This disorder as well as all of the other personality disorders takes time to be fully treated and it’s an ongoing battle between the patients’ beliefs and actions against objective methods of treatment which might seem a bit harsh at times. Still, an objective and systematic approach towards treatment of this disorder is bound to help the patient in the most efficient and successful way, but it also takes the highest amount of time to be fully implemented into the life of the patient.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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