There are a lot of stray cats out there. Some of them carry dangerous diseases, which makes them a threat for your own cat you’re keeping at home. It would be best if we could all take care of these abandoned kittens and cats but this is proving to be an impossible mission. The best thing you can do in order to prevent this is to keep your cat at home at all times, which is quite difficult to manage. However, it is best to prevent any conditions from happening. In this article you will see why prevention is as important as some of these cat diseases are really serious and difficult to get around.
Feline Leukemia Virus (FLV)
This disease is a type of leukemia which can be spread over urine and oral excretion. Your cat may acquire it over bites, food and water sharing with another diseased cat. Mom cat can vertically transmit this condition to her kitten, with them having a higher chance of getting this disease from older cats. Some of the felines express obvious symptoms straight away while others may show them after a couple of weeks: diarrhea, skin infection, eye and bronchi infections, infertility, anemia are all common symptoms of FLV. Even though there is no cure for this leukemia, the disease can be treated. It can be prevented by maintaining your cat’s environment hygiene at topmost level and most of all make sure that your cat receives preventive vaccinations.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
Contrary to HIV, sexual contact is not the main risk factor of FIV. This virus is primarily transferred over bite wounds, with cats living outdoors being at highest risk of infection. However, unlike FLV, occasional contact over food and water sharing does not significantly improve the chances of a FIV infection. Rarely does it happen that the mom cat transfers the disease vertically to her kittens. When the virus infiltrates the blood stream it can remain inactive until it transforms into an active disease. FIV is focused on immunological system so cats infected with it may show enlarged lymph nodes, extreme weight loss, anemia and cancer.
This disease is one of the leading causes of death in older cats. Causes for this condition include age, genetic and environment factors such as access to poisonous substances. Kidney failure can be either acute or chronic, with the acute condition being linked with a decelerated kidney function, and the chronic condition being shown as progressive kidney decay. Even though there are no cures for this condition you can make it less apparent by a special diet, drugs and hydration therapy. Animals who are treated can survive longer by using only 5-8% of their kidney function.
According to researches, cats show more tendencies towards rabies infection than other domesticated animals. Rabies is also one of the most dangerous feline conditions as it can cause cats to harm people as well as other cats. It’s most commonly spread by wild animal bites. Rabies attacks the neurological system and it can be of extremely slow and tedious acting, remaining silent in your cat for a month without you even noticing. Symptoms include weak coordination, conjunctivitis, fever, generally awkward behavior, depression and loss of weight. There is no treatment or therapy for rabies, so the best thing you can do is check whether your cat has been vaccinated and keep it indoors so that you avoid any epidemics.