Lymphoma is a cardiovascular disease which is highly malicious. It is caused by a heterogenic group of neoplasms, originating from reticuloendothelial and lymphatic system. Most common forms of this disease are Hodgkin’s disease and a non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This disease is localized and spread malicious proliferation of the tumor cells that are originating from lymph reticular system and mostly affect lymph nodes and the bone marrow. Yearly, there are over 7000 of new cases diagnosed in USA. The ratio of men and women being diagnosed with this condition is 1.4:1. Hodgkin’s disease rarely occurs before 10 years of age and is most common in the period between 15 and 34, as well as after 60 years of age. The cause is yet to be determined, but it’s certain that all patients have a genetic background or a linkage to the environment which can aid in developing the condition.
Some studies confirm that men have a higher probability of getting diagnosed with any species of lymphoma, but also there is a higher risk of fatality in comparison with women. Symptoms and everything else related to the condition is virtually equal for both genders. The first indication of lymphoma is lymph nodes without any other symptoms. Most of the patients get increased lymph nodes in the neck area, as well as the lymph nodes in the mediastinum, which can cause coughs. The rest of the symptoms depend on the degree at which the condition is, but the most common symptoms include high body temperature, night sweating, loss of weight and itchiness. The first lymphoma symptoms in women can include obstruction of the upper hollow vein or pressure to the spinal cord. Visceral organs can also become affected, especially at a later stage of the illness – liver, bone marrow are most commonly affected.
Treatment and prognosis
Doubt about having a lymphoma is usually coupled with a set of symptoms, the most common being the increase in size of the lymph nodes, especially around the neck. Treatment depends on the stage at which the condition resides at the given time and what type of the disease it is. Hodgkin’s disease is treatable by radiotherapy, combined chemotherapy or the combination of both. In 50-80% of cases, this is what needs to be done in order to receive a proper treatment.
Two thirds of the patients there is a painless peripheral lymphadenopathy and increased body temperature, sweating and loss of weight are more common than in regular Hodgkin’s condition. The increase in size of the lymph nodes causes symptoms in which many different organs are compressed. Most common issues with this is swelling of head and neck as well as the pressure being put on the urinal tract which can cause death of the kidneys. Anemia is another common symptom, especially with women, which is present in about 35% of all patients’ right from the start, while in some other conditions it develops further down the line. Prognosis is hard to determine as it highly depends on the histological type and stage of the disease.