When cells from the lymph start to grow they tend to move into other organs all over the body, including chest glands, lymph glands and other tissues. If this change comes with malicious character, they can cause an illness fairly similar to leukemia, known as malicious lymphoma. Lymphomas, contrary to leukemia, fall into the category of solid tumors, which means that they are limited to the tissue. Lymphoma can envelop slowly or it can be aggressive. There are two basic groups – Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. A special type of lymphoid maliciousness is related to the mature form of B lymphocytes, cells which are producing antibodies and are called plasma cells. This condition is known as myeloma.
If there is a doubt on lymphoma because of the presence of specific symptoms such as increase of lymph nodes in size, high body temperature, night sweating and loss of body weight. Definitive diagnosis is done with a biopsy, which is done with a sample of the tissue of the lymph node in which there is a doubt of lymphoma developing.
In two thirds of symptoms of lymphoma in women painless peripheral lymphadenopathy is developing, with fever, sweating and loss of body weight coming in at second in terms of frequency. Enlargement of the lymph nodes can cause compression to many organs. Common two problems with this are obstruction of the upper hollow vein, which results in swelling in the neck or head.
On the other hand, this pressure may also be applied to the urination tract which can lead to kidney failure. Anemia is present in the beginning in about 30% of patients, developing into a real problem years after.
Other symptoms include some blood related disorders. Since the condition has an effect on the blood marrow, a reduced number of red blood cells are being produced along with a lower number of white blood cells which causes a whole range of blood and immunological related conditions. Indolent lymphomas are slow in their advancing and often come with no symptoms whatsoever, which are the reason why they stay undiscovered until they reach an advanced stage – that is, when disease starts to spread significantly. This type of humor is common with persons older than 50 years of age and is characterized as many others with relapses and remissions of the disease. It’s basically considered to be untreatable.
Treatment is done with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Depending on the location, size and other factors a combination might be used as well in order to accomplish the best possible effects. Prognosis can change a lot based on the same factors, especially after the first part of the treatment has been done, where patient’s reactivity to it can be rated.
Patients in the early stage of the illness are commonly treated with radiation on specific locations where the lymphoma is growing and the surrounding areas. Even though radiation doesn’t treat people with lymphomas of a low degree of maliciousness, it can definitely increase their life span for about 5-8 years.