Modern lifestyle includes a lot of sitting, vast amount of hours are being spent working at computers and even after the work days people still sit in their cars driving for extended periods of time at once. Physical inactivity and such lifestyle are just a couple of factors that inspire mechanical disorders of neck muscle and bone structure, resulting in chronic painful conditions. In all of these events head is tilted forward, which puts additional stress to the rear part of the neck where there is a bundle of muscles, tendons, joints and disks. Also, pain can be caused by sudden jolting movements and general bad posture.
Anatomy of cervical spine
Neck is a part of the spine and it consists of 7 vertebra which are connected by intervertebral disks, joints and ligaments and muscles. A key role in cervical spine is played by vertebral dynamic segment, which is comprised of two neighboring vertebra, intervertebral disk, intervertebral joints as well as intervertebral openings which are there for the blood vessels and nerve endings to pass. Anatomy of the cervical spine has some specific properties correlating to the build design of the two primary vertebra – atlas and axis. Opposing endings of these vertebra are split in two knobs in between nerve endings pass through, while blood vessels pass through the previously mentioned openings.
Type of pain in cervical spine
Cervicobrachial syndrome – pain begins in neck, spreading into one arm, rarely both. Tingling becomes an issue along with a sensation of numbness and cold. Problems are more significant in the morning hours while reflexes and strength of the arms is significantly reduced.
Cervicocephalic syndrome – pain is apparent in rear and upper part of the neck with lightning pain going into the temples and towards the forehead. Movement is difficult and it is often accompanied by dizziness and noxiousness with increased muscle tension. Problems are correlated to degenerative disturbances in vertebral artery area and following vegetative nerve bundle.
Cervical syndrome – pain is localized in the rear part of the neck with expected spreading in between the shovel bones, across the shoulders into the front and rear part of the lung cavity. Sensitivity to pressure on muscle area is obvious with reduced mobility in all directions.
Treatment of cervicobrachial and other syndromes
Main goal of all therapy procedures is to reduce pain, regain function and prevent the condition of getting worse. In acute phase it’s of highest importance to maintain a steady pace, use painkillers and immobilize the cervical spine. The goal is to stop the magical circle pain-spasm-pain, which is easily accomplished by using painkillers. Pillow on which you’re sleeping has to be of circular shape and very soft. In chronic phase of the condition key role is played by physical therapy with application of medications according to plans. Physical therapy is applied through many different procedures which are coordinated with a plan. This plan needs to be created by your doctor as each and every one of them is completely individual.