Gum Infection

Healthy Gums – Prerequisite for Healthy Teeth

Some people have never experienced a typical gum infection. This condition, along with cavity, is the most common condition among people. Healthy gums are pink in color, have an orange like texture and they don’t bleed. Gums are the base for our teeth and they age together with us.

Unfortunately, gums are generally in a high risk of changes, they can easily swell, become red, become oversensitive and can bleed even to the slightest touch. In case the inflammation is not treated, it advances forward. It also affects deeper tissues and can cause a whole list of complications. In the initial phase disease can be treated in a simple and time effective way.

What Causes Gum Infections?

It has been proven scientifically that bad hygiene or bad oral cleaning cause creation of plaque on teeth and around them. Once the leftover food nests itself in dental pockets and after the plaque has been created, in the empty spaces in between the teeth bacteria starts to act, causing the initial inflammation of the gums which manifests as bleeding.

Bacteria from the plaque can double in numbers in about 24 hours, reaching a grand total of 4 million bacteria on a square millimeter. These billions of bacteria are attacking the space in between gums and teeth. This inflammation process and deposits of plaque sink deep into the gums which lead to destruction of bone and looseness of the teeth.

Symptoms that follow this condition are highly dependent on the general health condition and the state of physical damage which has been done to the teeth. It’s important to check your gums every once in a while to see if it is bleeding, is it swollen and has it changed color and texture. If you answered with a YES to all these questions, you are suffering from gingivitis, which is the beginning phase of a periodontal disease. Consult your dentist immediately!


Depending on the state of the gingiva, depth of the teeth pockets, RTG and general health status the treatment procedure tends to differ. For a gum condition there is no universal cure. There are many mechanical means used during and after chemical therapy as well.

The whole point of this treatment is to remove the anaerobic bacteria which are growing and spreading with no oxygen presence deep into the teeth pockets. It’s known that in the most complicated cases of gingivitis there are five different combinations of bacteria to be found. This is important for the treatment because one needs to optimize the therapy in order to get rid of all of them.

This is basically the biggest problem of today’s modern antibiotic therapies. In order to improve the efficiency of the therapy, mechanical effects are applied, with ultrasound or manual removal of all the deposits by scraping them down with a tool. During the treatment phase it’s of critical importance to maintain a high level of oral hygiene, as this is very important for the efficiency of the entire procedure.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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