Bleeding is bleeding from blood vessels into organs, tissues, natural body cavities, or outside the body. We tell you what first aid should be done to avoid unfortunate consequences for your body
When severe bleeding from major blood vessels develops, the patient must be given medical attention, since significant blood loss poses a great threat to health and can be fatal. To avoid losses, you can learn basic information just by visiting erste hilfe seminar.
Researchers from Erste-Hilfe Kurs München distinguish these types of bleeding: arterial (arteries), venous (veins), capillary, internal (bleeding into internal organs or cavities), mixed (when both arteries and veins are affected).
First aid for arterial bleeding
When providing first aid for arterial bleeding, it is necessary to:
- press with the thumb on the artery above the wound to stop or at least relieve the bleeding;
- put a rubber or any other self-made tourniquet (whatever you can get your hands on, such as a belt, cord, etc.) on the artery above the wound, this will reduce the loss of blood;
- leave a note indicating when the tourniquet is to be applied;
- bandage the wound;
- after assisting the victim, the victim should be taken immediately to a specialized medical facility (hospital or clinic).
To provide more specific actions, you need to have erste hilfe führerschein.
First aid for venous bleeding
Unlike arterial bleeding, blood during venous bleeding has a darker color and does not pulsate. However, when large veins are affected, venous bleeding can also be dangerous and can lead to death if the necessary steps are not taken in time.
When giving first aid for venous bleeding, you should:
- raise the injured limb upward;
- apply a pressure dressing to the wound compressing the soft walls of the injured vessel (if you are bleeding heavily above the wound apply a tourniquet);
- send the injured person to a healthcare facility.
First aid for a nosebleed
Information in erste hilfe kurse says, that to provide first aid for a nosebleed, you must:
- place a tight cotton swab in the nasal cavity and tilt the head slightly forward;
- put a cold pack on the bridge of your nose, which will narrow the vessels and reduce bleeding;
- if the bleeding has not stopped within 15 minutes, you need to call an ambulance.