Fibromyalgia is a common and complex chronic pain disorder which affects people on physical, mental and social aspects. It is not a disease, yet a syndrome. Contrary to diseases, which are a medical condition with a specific cause and recognizable signs and symptoms, a syndrome is a collection of signs, symptoms and medical issues which tend to manifest together in a bunch and are not always linked with specific and recognizable cause.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Chronic pain all over the body is a primary symptom of fibromyalgia. Most people suffering from this syndrome experience mild up to heavy exhaustion, troubles sleeping and are extremely sensitive to touch light, sound and have cognitive disturbances as well. Many individuals suffer from overlapping co-morbid conditions such as syndrome of the irritable bowel, lupus and arthritis.
Pain experienced in fibromyalgia is deep, chronic and wide spread. It can migrate in all parts of the body and vary in its intensity. Pain can be described as stabbing, burning or deep muscle pain, being at its peak in early morning hours. Aggravating factors which can intensify the pain and fibromyalgia symptoms in women are cold and damp weather, lack of sleep, physical and psychological exhaustion, excessive physical activity, lack of the same along with anxiety and stress.
In today’s world a lot of people are complaining about exhaustion, which is excessive in a case of fibromyalgia, especially after lack of sleep. It can be so intense that it interferes with your normal behavior for the day, which can cause a lot of problems in terms of your job or social life. The problem with this is that most people also suffer from lack of sleep, preventing them to relax and rest. Medical studies have shown specific and characteristic abnormalities in stage 4 of deep sleep. During this phase, patients with fibromyalgia have constant intervals of brain activity which is equal to the one found while they are awake.
The accent in treating of this syndrome is put into easing the symptoms and improving the general health condition. One of the important factors in reducing the symptoms of fibromyalgia is to recognize the necessity to change your lifestyle. First official medication (approved by the FDA) used to treat fibromyalgia was pregabalin. Analgesics are often prescribed as well and anti-depressants in small doses, which have a positive effect on restoration of regular sleeping routine and to ease the pain. In a case of a co-morbid depressive disorder, higher dosages are used. An important part in reducing the pain is played by quality workout and stretching exercises which help to maintain muscular tone and to reduce pain.
Learning to live with this chronic syndrome is an emotional challenge for anyone affected by it. A special program is required which will make sure that the patients are receiving subtle emotional support, along with quality communication with family and friends. Complementary therapies can also be fairly efficient like physiotherapy, medicinal massage, hydrotherapy, yoga, aromatherapy and many more.