Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver usually doesn’t cause any difficulties or obvious symptoms, but a mild pain under the right rib arch is quite common as the liver does increase in size. With patients suffering from liver cirrhosis problems like anorexia, exhaustion, vomiting and noxiousness might also occur. Fatty liver specifically is a consequence of fat assembling in the liver in amounts of above 5% of total liver tissue weight. This is caused by many genetic and cognitive disorders with the metabolism of fat. Causes might include drugs and toxins, bad diet, hereditary conditions as well as virus diseases like hepatitis C. Main causes of fatty liver are obesity, alcoholism and diabetes. Fatty liver has been considered to be a benign stationary condition (meaning that it doesn’t advance into an illness per se), but new researches are showing that this can be a very serious condition, leading to liver cirrhosis in the far end.

Clinical Analysis of Fatty Liver

Fatty liver is usually diagnosed with a stomach ultrasound and laboratory heightened values of liver tests. ALT is moderately increased, up to 4 times; while AST is always lower than ALT in case of a non-alcoholic fatty liver. With an ultrasound it’s possible to show a bigger, light liver with different focal points showing localized issues. In case these local points are obvious, it’s necessary to do a liver biopsy, results of which can be used for finding the best method of treatment. With most people suffering from fatty liver disease it’s best to lose a bit of weight and stop consuming those foods which have caused the fatty liver to begin with.


Symptoms of fatty liver highly depend on the stage in which your liver actually is. Unfortunately, this condition doesn’t show too much symptoms, but if there are any which can be linked to it, these would be pain under the right rib arch, belly swelling and increased body temperature. If your liver accumulated a lot of fat in a short time, this might cause it to swell and ache by itself. Usually, this condition is discovered during a checkup, when the liver tends to be smooth and increased in size, especially with obese persons, as well as alcoholics and diabetics. There is a weak connection between fatty liver and commonly used biochemical tests for liver diseases.


Treatment is simple but takes a lot of time – basically, you need to change your eating habits and stay away from fatty foods, as well as alcohol and other medicines or chemicals that are harmful. It takes up to 10 weeks in order for the fat to start dissolving away from the liver, if you closely follow your new dieting routine and your lifestyle. Unfortunately, this is rather difficult for most people, but the only realistic method of treatment which does have good results, but a high degree of discipline is needed. Make sure to visit your doctor on a regular basis once you start to change your habits as any changes might reflect in an unwanted way, so it’s best to confirm that what you are doing is working for you and not against you.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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