Down syndrome is considered to be one of the most common genetic disorders – some researches have come to a conclusion that about 1 of 700 of newborn children is born with this syndrome. Presence of Down syndrome in pregnancy is confirmed by analyzing the pregnancy fluid during the first trimester of the pregnancy. After delivery one can immediately diagnose Down syndrome as it carries plenty of specific physical appearance cues. However, there are many different characteristics to be found with completely normal children as well. Because of this, doctor will always perform a checkup of the child’s blood cells which shows the number, size and appearance of chromosomes isolated from one cell.
Most common properties of children diagnosed with Down syndrome are angled position of eye lids, round face with a straight profile, small mouth and nose with large tongue, small head, wide and short neck which can be surrounded by excess skin and fat tissue, abnormal shape of the ear laps, shorter rib cage with unusual form, short fists with a specific crevice on one or both hands, short feet and muscular hyposthenia – reduced muscle tension.
With persons diagnosed with Down syndrome in addition to physical irregularities there is a mental retardation present as well, coming in several different degrees, ranging from mild to heavy; children diagnosed with Down syndrome can learn but their full potential is yet to be discovered.
Since this is not a repairable condition, there is no 100% efficient down syndrome treatment to note. The best thing you can do is try to educate the child as much as possible and try to help him integrate into the regular community. Due to all of the properties this syndrome comes with this is quite a task to behold, but can be done, as long as the environment is tolerant enough. Even though the mental capacity is lowered by children suffering from this syndrome, they still show the will to learn and adapt new things, so it’s important to nurture this as much as possible.
Patience is a virtue which will help you the most here. You should also expect less and enjoy every small step the child makes forwards. Don’t lose time questioning why this has happened to you and believe in your child – it still has all regular needs and can definitely make you feel happy. Once your child reaches an adult stage, there should be no issues finding an appropriate job for him or her, as there are many people suffering from this syndrome who are still employed and working on a task that is not too complicated or responsible.
Modern medicine has managed to find ways of improving the life span of persons diagnosed with Down syndrome to live up to 55 years or more. Generally, the quality of life for persons diagnosed with this syndrome has improved vastly in the last couple of years, as the syndrome has become recognized and worked on in the community.