An infection of the tonsils is more commonly referred to as angina or tonsillitis. Tonsils are basically lymph nodes positioned symmetrically on the sides of your throat and represent an important part of your immunological system. There are two palatine tonsils which are positioned in the oral cavity and the third tonsil which is positioned behind the nostril cavity, in the throat. Their mission is to protect your breathing canals and throat from bacteria and virus attacks.
How Does Tonsil Infection Happen?
Tonsil infections occur if they are exposed to microorganisms which are responsible for the inflammation. Causes of this can also be bacteria and viruses as well as allergies and disorders of the linkage tissue. In case of a chronic inflammation, tonsils can no longer do their protective task and become the sheer core of the inflammation. Usually, penetration of viruses and bacteria into the throat leads towards minor infections which then motivate the immunological system to create antibodies. However, in specific cases, and most commonly with children, the immunological system is not strong enough neither developed so this is the time when the infection initiates from bacteria or virus sources.
A typical tonsil infection causes a variety of symptoms. Acute inflammation of the tonsils is usually followed by strong throat pain, problems with swallowing, increased body temperature, headache, chest pain, joint pain, rash, vomiting, bad health condition generally due to the weakened immunological system, swollenness of the lymph nodes on the neck as well as red and inflamed throat with yellowish white deposits of pus.
A chronic infection of the tonsils is followed by milder symptoms, much less intense than those showed from acute inflammation – difficulties with swallowing, white deposits on the tonsils, bad breath, bad taste, common infections, general weakness as well as bad general health.
Third Tonsil – Reliable for Diagnosis
The third tonsil is a lymph tissue found on the back shell of the throat behind the nostril cavities. Equally to the palatal tonsils, the third tonsil has a function to protect from infections. However, in some cases the third tonsil needs to be removed, especially if it’s causing troubles with one’s breathing, common inflammations of the ear or weakened hearing. Nostril obstruction can also cause an inflammation of the sinuses as well as bronchitis. This is most commonly found with children and manifests as difficult breathing through the nose as well as snoring in sleep.
Diagnosis is also done based on anamnesis, clinical report as well as general checkup of the patient. If there are any doubts about diagnosis, it can easily be confirmed with throat swabs which are an efficient method of checking the presence of any bacteria. In case the swab test is positive, it’s possible to prescribe a therapy with antibiotics which treats bacterial infection, but not those infections caused by viruses. This is why throat swabs are needed as they can safely confirm the cause of an infection which can then serve as a guideline for future treatment.