Disease

Coronary Heart Disease, Symptoms and Treatment

Coronary heart condition is actually a group of heart diseases which are indicated by a reduced blood flow through heart arteries. Most common cause for this to happen is atherosclerosis, and the biggest consequence is coronary insufficiency, or in other words a condition of lack of oxygen in the heart muscle. This happens when blood vessels thicken and harden, which is, in short, atherosclerosis. We can safely say that the coronary heart disease is a manifestation of atherosclerosis in heart arteries. Fibrosis plaque can cause this to happen, which is activated by an excessively fatty diet and the vessels can reduce in their diameter for up to 75%.

Thrombosis can also lead to reduction of the blood vessels or complete occlusion. It’s commonly ignited by atherosclerotic plaque and release of the material which brings it to aggregation of the thrombocytes. A complete blockade of blood in heart arteries can start an ischemic cascade. Anaerobic processes are then activated, where glycolysis happens, which leads to creation of lactate. This can cause regional acidosis. Due to the decreased blood flow of oxygen and appearance of acidosis, the contractibility of the heart muscle decreases, increasing the pressure in it, putting additional stress.

Symptoms

Among many other non-specific symptoms, there is one which is most common – angina pectoris. This is a symptom which manifests itself as pain attacks in the middle section of the rib cage, rarely on the left or right half. The pain is usually of dull character, reminds one of squeezing and pressure, but it can also come as burning or high intensity pain. It is commonly spread into the left or right arm, neck, bottom jaw, back and stomach. The pain is usually followed by a sensation of fear and over sweating. Pain can become worse in a case of stress, physical exhaustion, excitement and usually stops once the excitement is over. The amount of time which this pain takes to settle in is very important – if the pain doesn’t last longer than 5-10 minutes, you shouldn’t worry yourself about it. However, if it tends to last longer than that, for an example 20 minutes, it’s most likely about a heart attack.

In other cases, the pain doesn’t even need to manifest itself – loss of conscience, dizziness, ear buzzing and disorientation might also indicate towards this problem.

Treatment

Special medications are used for treatment of this condition, but it’s all worth only a short while. It’s important to realize why did you get the condition in the first place, directly indicating you how you can start changing these bad habits. For an example, smoking and excessive alcohol consummation can lead directly to this condition so it’s obviously best to stay away from these two addictions; also, a general lack of physical activity is a silent killer – you need to maintain a good level of physical activity in order to get your blood flowing in a rate it should and again, it’s all about changing your habits for the better.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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