Leukemia is followed by some characteristic symptoms, about which you can read in this article. The acute form of leukemia can be caused by spreading of malicious cells, the so called blasts. These disable the bone marrow to create normal blood cells. The result of this indicates the main symptoms of acute leukemia which are generally easy to determine. As leukemia develops fast, most of these have a short term before the affected persons visit a doctor requiring medical assistance.
Most common symptoms of leukemia
Every person suffers from different symptoms when affected with leukemia; however there are some common ones that can be spotted easily with all of the affected. Exhaustion is the most common symptoms, since there is not enough blood cells to carry oxygen bubbles all around the organism. This specific type of exhaustion is permanent during the course of the disease and gets worse over time. Patients usually suffer from lack of breath and generally increased heart beat pulse as a side effect. This is the symptom which appears first and lasts for as long as leukemia is finally treated. If not treated properly, other symptoms may occur; closely after the previously mentioned one, there can be spot blood stains noticed underneath the skin, as well as nostril bleeding, excessively purple bruises and prolonged menstrual bleeding. These are all symptoms of decreased production of the thrombocyte cells. Inflammations are also very prominent and common with leukemia, throat and urine vessels are the ones mostly affected by this. These inflammations are generally immune to antibiotic treatment, as this is also a side effect of decreased leucocyte production levels which are usually used for organism defense from infections and inflammation. Due to the decreased bone marrow efficiency, patients usually experience slight joint and bone pain which is numb and long term.
Specifics of leukemia symptoms
An interesting thing related to leukemia symptoms is the fact that most of them are not exclusive for leukemia itself. People often confuse many of the leukemia symptoms with some other, far less threatening diseases. It’s a well known fact that hypochondriacs are especially a fond of leukemia. While it’s good to be cautious about it, you should never overemphasize your symptoms up to an extent where your close family suffers. Since leukemia is divided into two primary groups, one acute, the other chronic, both of these have specific symptoms that actually are specific to each of these. The cause for leukemia is unknown, but it’s always related to some irregularities in the DNA. These irregularities can be at the level of a single gene, or can be caused in the entire chromosome or a single part of it. For now, it is known that the acute leukemia is caused by the activation of the gene which has a promontory effect on sharing. The mistakes done in operation of these genes lead to uncontrollable cell growth in the bone marrow which overflows the cells stationed there that are assigned with a task to produce blood cells. Diagnostics are done with thin layers of blood, the analysis of a punctuated bone marrow and a cytogenetic analysis. The bone marrow is punctured in the area of sphagnum. In some cases with the punctuation of the bone marrow, it is required to do a bone biopsy. Besides these specific analyses, it’s also required to do some basic and routine biochemical tests, EKG and the RTG of lungs and heart. With the chronic leukemia types, lumbar punctuation is done routinely to determine whether there are any malicious cells in there that can further help leukemia to advance to its full state.