Lyme disease is an infective condition affecting skin and some other organs. It starts after infection caused by a tick which is infected with the bacterium known as spirochete type, Borrelia garinii. The infection is transmitted with the infected tick, commonly happening with a skin bite. Tick is known as a parasite surviving on blood of other animals, including people. This condition was discovered in USA in a place known as Lyme, which is how the condition got its name in the first place. Over 50 types of birds are known to transmit ticks, including lyme disease on a large distance; over 100 types of Borelia bacterium area known in USA alone, and over 300 in the entire world. With a single bite parallel to the lyme disease one may get babesiosis, ehrlichiosis and bartonela. This infection can manifest on almost all organs and systems, but skin, joints, heart and muscles are those who show the highest rate of lyme disease symptoms.
Signs and symptoms
According to reports done by International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society guidelines, tests which are used to determine the infection on a tick aren’t 100% correct. Test can be negative, while the tick can still be infected with the bacterium. On the other hand, it’s not 100% probable that you will develop lyme disease if you get bitten by an infected tick. The longer the period during which tick remains in your skin, higher the chances are for you to acquire lyme disease.
Redness on one or more locations on the body can happen, manifesting in different sizes and textures. These marks are always warm to the touch and can spread over time. This doesn’t happen with everyone who may have this disease, but if you do, you’re most definitely infected with the bacterium and will start developing lyme disease. It can also imitate over 200 diseases such as autism, chronic fatigue, infective mononucleosis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and many others.
Diagnosis is established by the doctor based on a detailed checkup, complete introduction in the flow of the disease and other additional testing. For the diagnosis one doesn’t need to routinely isolate the cause yet there are antibodies to be discovered in the blood. The findings of antibodies don’t necessarily mean disease diagnosis, just as their missing doesn’t indicate that the disease is not there.
Commonly, patients with a chronic type of the condition tend to experience a wide specter of difficulties, which can confuse doctors and lead them in the wrong direction when searching for an adequate solution. Patients need to recall that there was a tick bite as this definitely changes the entire diagnosis procedure and there are other tests that need to be taken.
It is especially important to use proper antibiotics and any other medicaments which are designed to fight with this condition. A specific problem is to exclude any other correlated conditions and you should never take any drugs or antibiotics based on your own initiative.