Chlamydia infections in men are asymptomatic in about 50% to 70% of cases. As it is with younger women, this condition can appear in a wide spectrum from asymptomatic urethral infections down to symptomatic inflammations of the sexual organs, even infertility. Men do not experience as much of these long term symptoms as women do. We’ll take a closer look at chlamydia symptoms and treatment in men, mentioning all of the specifics.
This is the most common case of chlamydia infection, which is basically an inflammation of the urethra. More than half of all non-specific urethritis conditions are caused by chlamydia so these genital infections represent the most common sexually transmitted disease of modern age, when younger people tend to have unprotected sexual intercourses.
After a sexual intercourse with the infected person the incubation lasts from about 1 to 3 weeks. A specialty about chlamydia urethritis is a relatively mild clinical image, showing only minor excretion from the urethra along with mild disturbances during urination.
Symptoms of this condition can be mild, barely noticeable and often completely lacking. Because of this the infection can easily make the transfer into chronic form which shows an occasional white excretion from the urethra. Chronic phase means that additional complications may happen in this phase, with infertility being the worst consequence if not treated.
There are latent and relatively rare complications of the chlamydia genital infections in a sense of being auto-immune due to similarities with some other chlamydia antigens. A good example of such condition is the Reiter’s syndrome which consists of urethritis, manifesting on eyes, joints and skin. This is a post-infective auto immune disorder developing in about 1-3% of men with non-specific urethritis. Classic symptoms are similar to those of conjunctivitis, urethritis, arthritis and dermatitis. Symptoms can become obvious 3 to 6 weeks into urogenital infection, with a withdrawal period of about 2 to 6 months, with a possibility of recurrence.
Epididymitis and proctitis
Epididymitis is an unusual infection, covering only about 2% of all genital chlamydia infections in men. About 70% of epididymitis cases in adolescent men are caused by chlamydia. Symptoms include one sided testicular pain and scrotum, fever, swelling with the possibility of urethritis also being an option. Clinical signs include over sensitivity and increase of the epididymitis.
Proctitis is usually present in men who had sexual intercourse with other men (anal sexual intercourse). Of course, it can happen with women as long as they have the same type of intercourse. Most patients don’t have any symptoms and if they do, rectal excretion, bleeding and pain during defecation may occur.
All of these conditions aren’t anything to be deathly afraid of, but due to their nature it’s best to invest some time and money into prevention. Regular condoms offer a good amount of protection against chlamydia as well as any other forms of sexually transmitted diseases so it’s best for you to protect yourself and prevent any type of STD diagnosis.