Cervical cancer is the most common malicious tumor of women’s sexual organs, right in front of breast cancer. This disease used to be discovered in its advanced and not treatable stage until 1940s when cytodiagnostics made it possible to detect this cancer much sooner, which has decreased the mortality rate by a whole lot, while also improving life quality of the patients. Discovery of cervical cancer is possible with microscopic tests. Cytological analysis can help to discover cervical cancer in its early, asymptomatic stage or even pre-stage, which is crucial in order to completely recover from this condition.
What Causes Cervical Cancer
Today we know that one of the most common causes for cervical cancer is a long term chronic and untreated inflammation of the vagina and cervical part, which can be easily transferred over sexual intercourse. It’s known that over 150 types of HPV exist, 15 of which can trigger the cervical cancer.
Who Gets It?
An average age of women who experience malicious conditions of the cervical throat are much lower than what it was couple of decades ago due to influences and factors of its development. Highest risk factors which can help develop cervical cancer are sexually transmitted infections with HPV, early start of active sexual life and common switching of your sexual partners.
Radical hysterectomy is known to be one of the longest surviving and most efficient cervical cancer treatment methods. It was pioneered in 1887 by Ernest Wertheim. Over time, the method has been slightly altered, but it hasn’t lost its original value. Therapy, as usual, depends mostly on stage of your cancer. Surgical removal of the uterus is a method of choice in the early stage of the condition. If the operative procedure is contraindicative, or the patient doesn’t want it to be done, radiation therapy is a solution. In advanced stages of the condition chemotherapy can be performed as well. In the presence of metastases, the effect needs to be palliative, depending on the location of the metastases and it’s meant to improve the life quality of the patients in general.
In an event of preventing cervical cancer we know about primary and secondary prevention. Procedures of primary prevention include protection measures from all risk factors which are leading towards creation of the cervical cancer to start with. Because of this, it’s important that responsible sexual behavior as well as proper protection during the intercourse is most important factors for prevention of the condition. Indication for vaccination therapy is based on proven protective effect of the vaccine against HPV, which has become a regular vaccination for anyone in between 16 and 26 years of age and is definitely an efficient way of prevention. These vaccinations need to be applied intramuscular in three separate occasions, in addition with gynecological tests and checkups. Papa test is a must on these, as well as any other diagnostic method which can help to detect this cancer in its early stage if it does happen.