Causes for lower left abdominal pain in women

Women often complain about pains experienced in the lower left abdomen, which usually start from the back, spreading into the belly or groin area. This pain can become excruciating, manifesting on one or both sides. A common doctor’s dilemma is to determine whether this pain is caused due to changes on the spine or due to a kidney disease. Causes for this pain can precisely be determined with clinical and ultrasound test done to the abdomen. If there is a conclusion about this pain not originating from the spine, further diagnostics need to be done. Ultrasound of the kidneys will allow the doctor to confirm a kidney disease, whether it is an acute or chronic condition, stones, a cyst or even a tumor. Most common conditions related to the kidneys are inflammations and stones.

Gynecological diseases

In case of lower left abdominal pain in women, its root may be drawn from the reproductive organs. Diagnosing this in women is much more complex than it is with men, as the female reproductive system is much more complicated. Gynecological causes for this pain can be found in pre-menstrual period, especially with younger women and girls whose uterus hasn’t yet been developed fully. This can be caused by ovaries cysts which are usually harmless, particularly those below 30 millimeters in size. Larger cysts require operative treatment.

The pain can also originate from the interior of the vagina or the uterus, manifesting itself in all age groups. Sometimes, women who don’t know whether they are pregnant or not, go under checkups due to intensive pains experienced in the lower left abdomen. Besides these already mentioned diseases, it’s necessary to take ectopic pregnancy as a valid cause even if the woman is having a tidy menstrual cycle.

Women in menopause and pre-menopause may experience pains in the lower abdomen accompanied by urine leakage. They can urinate during sneezing, laughing, coughing as well as lifting heavy objects. This can be caused by the bladder descending and it represents a valid cause for lower left abdomen pain.

Other possible causes

Some other causes need to be mentioned which are quite important to be aware of, especially for the woman experiencing the pain. Pains may be caused by diverticula of the large intestine. In this case it’s usually a cramp-like pain after meal or physical strain which has a tendency to relax after a while just to come back with higher intensity. Sometimes intensive pains may occur straight on, when there are leftovers of digested or partially digested foods left behind.

Rarely, this pain can be caused by an aneurism of the bottom part of the aorta which describes spreading of a single part or the entire length of an abdominal aorta. Unfortunately, this condition is usually asymptomatic which is bad as it can spontaneously burst and cause a whole list of other life threatening conditions.

Regardless of the cause, this pain needs to be acknowledged. Your abdomen is a very complex part of your body so make sure to check in with your doctor as soon as you experience any kind of pain.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

Leave a Comment