Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease, Causes and Symptoms

Arteriosclerosis is a condition in which fats, calcium and other products of cellular degradation are deposited along the inner wall of the arteries – blood vessels which are leading the blood to the organs. This creates atherosclerotic plaque which is also known as atheroma. As a result of this process, the artery wall gets thicker so its volume and blood flow are decreased. Mechanisms of this condition, as well as advancing in its own right are still occupying many scientists because we don’t know everything about it yet. It’s known that atherosclerosis and all of the related heart conditions are the leading cause of death in the white world. Predictions say that in 2020 it will also become the main cause of death in less developed countries.


There are many risk factors for arteriosclerotic heart disease to happen, but generally speaking, it’s mostly caused by deposition of fats, calcium and other products inside the blood vessel wall. This makes it difficult for blood to reach any of the organs or completely stops. Parts of the accumulated material can shatter and travel to some other parts of the body, like brain for an example, where they can completely clog up the blood flow and cause heart attacks. Risk factors are as follows:

  • Diabetes
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Excessive Alcohol Consummation
  • High cholesterol concentration
  • Fatty diet
  • Smoking


This condition can start from early childhood and at that age it probably won’t cause any kind of symptoms until a critical reduction of blood vessel width happens. Symptoms can be progressive or sudden, depending on the nature of diameter reduction as it can also happen gradually or suddenly. Development of symptoms is directly dependable on the affected organs, mainly brain, heart and extremities like arm and legs.

Untreated atherosclerosis always has a progressive nature to it, which over time results in more serious diseases from happening which can reduce your life’s quality and the length of it as well. Heart attack can occur if there is a complete clog up of a blood vessel or more of them and has a result of the tissue dying out where the clogged artery has led to. The pain can be excruciating to mild, but it’s important to treat this as it can easily be fatal.

Strokes are caused by blocked arteries inside the brain as well as with all of the following neurological symptoms, depending on the part of the brain which was affected by the lack of blood – this can either reduce your capability of feeling or muscle movement, inability to speak or understand anything and extreme balance disorders. A stroke requires emergent medical intervention because the consequences can be permanent.

Kidney failure can also happen which is a problem since your kidneys are basically your organism’s cleaning units. As a consequence, kidneys can stop working for a while which can lead to excessive poisoning, with too much different possible problems to count.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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