Anemia Chronic Disease Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Your blood is basically a liquid organ circulating through a closed blood vessel loop. It contains different blood cell elements (white and red blood cells and some other) which make up for about 45% of your blood volume. The rest is taken over by the blood plasma containing water, salt, carbohydrates and about 300 different kinds of protein. Blood cells are created in the bone marrow – the most active tissue in human’s organism. Then, they reach their maturity in other organs such as spleen, liver, lymph nodes etc. The basic stem cell is genetically controlled and stimulated, directed with a list of homeostatic factors which all depend on the organism condition and its requirements.

Symptoms of anemia

A typical anemia chronic disease shows symptoms like lack of hemoglobin, oxygen, development of tissue hypoxia, manifesting as fatigue, sleepiness, loss of concentration, lack of spirit, low mood, chest pressure, heart bangs, sometimes even fake angina pectoris attacks. Chronic anemia has a gradual evolution and can be adapted very well to the organism, which means that the anemia will stay hidden and asymptomatic. Because of this, it’s important to acknowledge other people’s impressions as you may be too pale while not feeling any kind of symptoms whatsoever.


Causes of chronic anemia include occult and hidden stomach, intestine and kidney system hemorrhage. The chronic lack of iron is caused by other numerous factors of intake and dissolving of the metabolism. A weaker, inefficient development or an accelerated destruction of the red blood cells may be a consequence of long term intake of some specific medications as well. Some diagnostic and therapeutic radiation procedures might cause it as well as chronic poisoning with matter of organic and inorganic substances.


Anemia diagnosis is established based on the anamnesis, clinical checkup of the patient as well as basic laboratory tests such as the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, size of erythrocytes, average concentration of hemoglobin in erythrocyte and so on. These basic tests serve as a base for more advanced and detailed checkups to be made. The biggest issue here is blockade of iron in the tissues which doesn’t make up for all of the iron reserves. With this problem being active, a normal metabolism of the red blood cells is jeopardized, which causes this disorder to happen in the first place. This is most common with pregnant women, due to the sudden stress posed on the bone marrow and other organs included in the red blood cell management.


One needs to doubt on anemia in time and visit a doctor as soon as possible to confirm the condition. The doctor will then make some tests which are important for determining the exact type of treatment the individual needs to receive in order to get a valid and proper treatment quickly. By choosing a proper diet routine, picking from a specific list of safe medications, the condition can be kept under control for a lifetime, with no serious consequences to be experienced.

About the author

Rani Vyas

Rani Vyas

I'm a Medical Consultant Doctor with a keen interest in Medical bioinformatics and genuinely intriguing way of presenting boring medical knowledge in an enchanting and eye catching way.

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